Over 1.2 billion people globally have no access to electricity and millions more have an unreliable supply. Instead they use dangerous, polluting and expensive kerosene lamps for light.
A typical kerosene lamp is made by taking an empty bottle or tin can, putting a wick in the middle, filling it with fuel and lighting. Using kerosene for lighting is extremely inefficient, dangerous and expensive, and it has extensive health and environmental drawbacks.
Collectively, kerosene lamps cause 3% of the worlds CO2 emissions and are a significant source of black carbon, with even more intense local warming impact.
Smoke from kerosene lamps causes respiratory problems. Accidental kerosene poisoning has potentially fatal consequences, particularly for children. Using kerosene inside homes can lead to devastating fires and burns.
The cost of kerosene is a poverty trap. Amongst the poorest populations, kerosene alone consumes up to 30% of their income.